Apple’s battle with Epic Games could lead to big changes in iPhone apps

Apple’s iPhone is already one of the world’s most litigated devices. Apple fought its No. 1 rival,  Samsung, and others over the iPhone’s design. It’s fought phone giant Nokia and chipmaker Qualcomm over patent royalties. Before the smartphone first went on sale in 2007, Apple even fought networking giant Cisco over the iPhone name.

On Monday, Apple meets a new combatant in court. This time, it’s fighting Epic Games, maker of the online gaming phenomenon Fortnite, which has more than 350 million players. Epic sued on Aug. 13, alleging that the iPhone maker’s rules — for how big a cut of app sales developers need to pay Apple, and how they can even make money on the popular App Store — are anticompetitive. The suit effectively forces Apple to defend the way it operates its App Store, the only gateway for developers who want to have their apps made available for download on the iPhone.

To prove its point, Epic intentionally broke Apple’s rules, which say that for in-app purchases, app developers can only use Apple’s payments processing service. In-app purchases are the add-ons, like digital tokens, that players can buy to get different clothes or designs for their digital characters and weapons. Developers, especially the ones who offer free-for-download apps like Fortnite, rely on those in-app purchases as a key source of income. On that August Thursday, Epic turned on hidden code in its Fortnite battle game, letting users buy items directly from Epic at a discount, rather than pay full price through Apple’s payments service.

By letting users pay Epic directly, instead of through Apple’s payment service, Epic also circumvented the commission of up to 30% on each sale that Apple charges developers for the privilege of their wares being available to iPhone users on the App Store.

Apple quickly banned Fortnite from its App Store, and Epic sued in response, kicking off a legal battle that’s grabbed the attention of both the game industry and millions of app developers, all of whose businesses could change as a result of whatever happens. The App Store, launched in June 2008, has grown to more than 1.85 million apps, according to September data from research firm Statista. It’s attracted more than 27 million app developers, whose programs have been downloaded by about 1 billion people across 175 countries. Apple is estimated to have paid out $37 billion to developers last year, according to industry watcher Sensor Tower. Assuming Apple took a 30 percent cut, that puts App Store sales at about $55.5 billion.

“There’s good arguments on both sides,” said David Olson, a professor at Boston College Law School who closely tracks antitrust, intellectual property and patent law. What makes this case in particular stand out, he said, is it raises thorny questions around how much Apple is allowed to control its platform, an issue that’s been debated online for years but not so much in the courts. “This could be huge.”

Apple and Epic didn’t respond to requests for comment.

What’s at stake for Apple is how apps are distributed and monetized across mobile devices. Apple, in particular, has demanded it approve every app that’s offered for sale for its iPhone since the beginning, with its App Store serving as the only distribution platform for iPhone app developers. Apple also touts that control as a feature in its marketing, promising iPhone users they can trust any app they download from the App Store because it’s already been vetted.

Apple App Store icon

Aside from charging an up to 30% fee for in-app purchases, Apple requires app developers to follow policies against what it deems objectionable content, such as pornography, encouraging drug use, or realistic portrayals of death and violence. Apple also scans for security issues, spam and apps that could be used to take data from people’s phones without their consent.

“Apple’s requirement that every iOS app undergo rigorous, human-assisted review — with reviewers representing 81 languages vetting on average 100,000 submissions per week — is critical to its ability to maintain the App Store as a secure and trusted platform for consumers to discover and download software,” the company said in one of its filings.

That trust, and the App Store brand, is so important to Apple that it even fought Amazon and Microsoft over the use of the name “App Store.” (Apple ultimately backed down.)

The App Store’s policies have almost always been at the center of controversy for Apple too. Apple’s tight control is an instinct that came from its co-founder and former CEO Steve Jobs, who micromanaged the look and feel of the company’s software and hardware, sometimes down to the smallest dot on the screen, the angle of the curves on its devices and the satisfying click-feeling you get when you plug in a cord.

That obsessively controlling approach has ticked off developers over the years. They say Apple’s inflexible rules over everything from content (Apple once banned an app from a Pulitzer-winning cartoonist) to the ways programs talk to the internet, give the iPhone maker too much control over other companies. And in July, legislators on Capitol Hill called in Apple CEO Tim Cook, alongside leaders of Facebook, Amazon and Google parent Alphabet, to defend those and other policies.

Epic isn’t the only developer that disagrees with Apple. More than a dozen companies, including music service Spotify and dating app maker Match Group, joined with Epic to found a group called the Coalition for App Fairness to take on Apple’s rules.

“As enforcers, regulators, and legislators around the world investigate Apple for its anti-competitive behavior, The Coalition for App Fairness will be the voice of app and game developers in the effort to protect consumer choice and create a level playing field for all,” Horacio Gutierrez, head of global affairs at Spotify, said in a statement on Thursday. Spotify also helped kick off EU investigations of Apple this summer after the music service complained to European regulators about the company’s policies.

On Monday, Apple and Epic Games are set to meet in an online version of what would have been an Oakland, California, courtroom, a reminder that despite the coronavirus pandemic that’s infected more than 32 million people and killed at least 990,000 around the world, big fights between big tech companies still go on.

Epic argues that Apple’s strict control of its App Store is anticompetitive and that the court should force the company to allow alternative app stores and payment processors on its phones, remaking the way people get and pay for iPhone apps. “Apple is bigger, more powerful, more entrenched and more pernicious than monopolies of yesteryear,” Epic said in an August legal filing. “Apple’s size and reach far exceeds that of any technology monopolist in history.”

Apple responded, saying Epic’s lawsuit is just a disagreement over money. “Although Epic portrays itself as a modern corporate Robin Hood,” Apple wrote in its legal response, “In reality it is a multibillion-dollar enterprise that simply wants to pay nothing for the tremendous value it derives from the App Store.”

Epic battle

Apple and Epic Games used to be friends. A decade ago, Apple invited the software developer on stage at one of its events to show off Project Sword, a game later called Infinity Blade, designed to show off how Epic’s Unreal Engine tools could be used to create beautiful and intricately designed games.

Apple brought Epic back on stage in 2011 to show off its sequel, Infinity Blade 2 (game). And then again in 2013 for the second sequel, Infinity Blade 3. Each game was considered a success, and largely well received.

“Of all the many thousands of games to hit iOS over the years, Infinity Blade and Infinity Blade II were among the few that aspired to be something greater than mere mobile games,” CNET sister site GameSpot’s Mark Walton wrote in his 2013 review of the games. “Their visuals were — and indeed still are — some of the most impressive to grace the platform, and both offered a surprising amount of depth behind their flashy touchscreen swordplay.”

As Epic grew into a multibillion-dollar company, it began using its size to push for change within the game industry. In 2015, Epic began offering its Unreal Engine game development tools for free, taking a 5% royalty fee on games sold. This year, it said it would charge game royalties only after a developer’s first $1 million in revenue.

“They want to be a company that empowers creators,” said Ben Wiley, program director of game production at Champlain College in Vermont, who formerly worked at Warner Bros.

Epic’s most controversial move came in 2018, when the company opened its Epic Games Store for PCs, a competitor to the industry-leading Valve Steam store. Though the Epic store didn’t have the same social networking, reviews and other features Valve’s did, it asked for only a 12% commission from game developers, less than half the industry-standard 30%.

To win over developers even further, Epic started paying for and securing exclusivity deals for PC games, effectively locking the titles to its Epic Games Store usually for a year. Some of those exclusives were highly anticipated titles like Gearbox Software’s sci-fi shooter Borderlands 3, Deep Silver’s postapocalyptic thriller Metro: Exodus and the epic story game Shenmu 3.

As Epic’s roster of exclusive titles grew, some players bristled at being forced to sign up for yet another online service in order to play games they’re excited about.

“I wish there were a more popular way to do this,” Tim Sweeney, Epic’s CEO, said in a 2019 interview with CNET. But a survey by the Game Developers Conference, released just before our interview, underscored Sweeney’s point, finding, among other things, that a majority of game developers weren’t sure Valve’s Steam justified its 30% cut of revenue. “I feel like the ends are more than worth the means,” Sweeney said.

Now Epic is taking its fight to Apple, and fighting a different app store for mobile devices. In emails between the two companies before the lawsuit was filed, Sweeney asked Apple to allow Epic to create its own app store for mobile devices too, and to use its own payment processing service. Apple refused.

Apple fight

Epic isn’t just fighting Apple in the courts. It’s also devised a PR campaign to bring that fight to the public.

The same day Fortnite was kicked off the App Store, and after Epic sued, the company released an ad parodying Apple’s famous Ridley Scott-directed 1984 Macintosh Super Bowl ad. The original positioned Apple as a revolutionary, fighting back against a Big Brother conformist overlord-type figure.

Epic’s remaking, called Nineteen Eighty-Fortnite, paints Apple as the domineering Big Brother, and shows a Fortnite character fighting back.

“Epic Games has defied the App Store Monopoly. In retaliation, Apple is blocking Fortnite from a billion devices,” Epic wrote at the end of its 48-second video. “Join the fight to stop 2020 from becoming ‘1984’” In the month since the video’s release, it’s been watched more than 6 million times.

Apple says the commission it charges pays for the tools, people and computing costs to run its App Store. The company also says its control protects users from potentially bad behavior and fraud, too.

Neither company’s arguments appear to have swung the court of public opinion much. Analysts say the whole thing really boils down to a slap-fight over money between a multitrillion-dollar company and a multibillion-dollar company.

“Epic’s being self-serving by saying it’s protecting the little guy, and Apple’s being self-serving by saying it’s protecting consumers,” said Joost van Dreunen, a professor at NYU Stern School of Business and author of the upcoming book One Up: Creativity, Competition, and the Global Business of Video Games. Regardless of how this lawsuit goes, he said, Apple’s continuing challenge will be to convince developers the App Store is worth that 30% fee.

In the game industry, console makers justify their cut of games sold by using the money to help market their products and grow the number of people playing even more, van Dreunen said. Console makers also tend to take less of a cut the larger a company’s sales get.

fortnite-thumb

“It’s baked into the habit of the industry that it’s acceptable,” he added. But van Dreunen said that now, with more than a decade of Apple being as inflexible as developers have said it is, pushback is inevitable.

Apple isn’t the only company Epic targeted in its Fortnite battle. The same day Epic broke Apple’s App Store rules, turning on the same hidden payment service in its game on the Google Play Store, for devices powered by Google’s Android software. Google kicked Fortnite out of its store too, and Epic sued, arguing that Google has strayed from the Don’t Be Evil mantra of its early years.

Google has since reportedly begun plans to tighten its app store rules, in seeming support of Apple. A report in Bloomberg last week said the company is planning to tell developers they need to use Google’s payments processing service, which has an up to 30% commission just like Apple’s App Store.

In the meantime, the first court skirmishes between Apple and Epic have scored legal wins for both companies. In an emergency hearing in August, a district judge in Northern California agreed that Apple could keep Fortnite off its App Store during the lawsuit. She also ruled that Epic should be able to continue distributing its Unreal game tools to developers without interference from Apple, for now.

The risk that Apple could lose the case and potentially set a precedent that upends how all app stores work across the tech industry will likely drive the company to settle. But it’s also why Olson, the law professor, is hoping for the case to drag on a bit. He wants to see how Apple, Epic and the court attempt to apply antitrust laws from decades ago to modern-day tech.

207 thoughts on “Apple’s battle with Epic Games could lead to big changes in iPhone apps

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    مشخص است؛ دلیل این امر را می‌توان داشتن ضعف‌ها و ویژگی‌های متریال‌های مختلف بدنه پاور
    بانک‌ها به شمار آورد.
    امروزه نقش پاوربانک ها در زندگی افراد به موجب افزایش استفاده از
    گوشی هوشمند، تبلت و لپ‌تاپ،
    پررنگ‌تر از قبل شده و به عنوان یکی از اجزای تقریبا ضروری شناخته می‌شوند.
    همچنین اگر قصد دارید با یک تیر دو
    نشان بزنید و با خرید یک پاور بانک، چندین
    گوشی را باهم شارژ کنید، بهتر است پاور بانکی خریداری
    نمایید که پورت USB متعددی داشته باشد.
    سیلیکون پاور یکی از تولید کنندگان قدیمی و معروف تجهیزات جانبی وسایل دیجیتال است
    که به خصوص فلش درایوهای آن شهرت جهانی
    دارند. فناوری PowerIQپاوربانک با
    کیفیت و استاندارد بعدی از برند مطرح انکر است.

    این ویژگی‌ها اثباتی بر جای‌گیری
    به‌حق این محصول در رده بهترین محصولات برند ADATA است.
    این برند درزمینه تولید محصولات و لوازم جانبی
    همچون پاور بانک نیز به فعالیت می‌پردازد.
    معمولاً پاور بانک‌های تولیدی برند سونی دارای
    قابلیت شارژ دستگاه با سرعت‌بالا
    را دارند.
    این پاوربانک در مقایسه با شارژهای مشابه خود از قیمت نسبتا
    بالاتری برخوردار است. از این پاوربانک می‌توان برای 4 تا 6 بار شارژ گوشی‌های موبایل استفاده کرد.
    امروزه با توجه به استفاده مداوم و طولانی مدت از دستگاه‌های
    الکترونیکی مانند گوشی‌های موبایل، پاوربانک‌ها به یکی از کارآمدترین ابزارها تبدیل شده‌اند.
    پاور بانک‌‌ ها به‌راحتی قابل حمل هستند و در جیب
    یا کیف جا ‌می‌شوند تا بتوان در مواقع لزوم گوشی‌های موبایل را با استفاده از آن‌ها شارژ کرد.
    ما در این مطلب به معرفی بهترین پاوربانک برای گوشی‌های سامسونگ، شیائومی و آیفون می‌پردازیم.
    درخصوص ویژگی‌های شاخص این پاوربانک می‌توانیم بگوییم همانطور که در مشخصات آن نیز قید شده، دو درگاه خروجی دارد که به شما اجازه می‌دهد دو
    دستگاه را به طور جداگانه شارژ کنید.

    این پاور بانک از تکنولوژی فست شارژ
    پشتیبانی کرده و می‌تواند دو
    گوشی را به صورت همزمان شارژ کند.
    پاور بانک PLM13ZM دارای بدنه پولیش
    خورده آلومینیومی است و طراحی ساده و در عین حال شیک و زیبایی دارد.

    به دلیل داشتن دو ورودی و دو خروجی، پشتیبانی از شارژ سریع
    و قیمت مناسب، این پاوربانک یک انتخاب عالی برای بسیاری
    از کاربران است که نیاز دارند تقریبا یک تا دو بار باطری گوشی خود را به شکل
    کامل شارژ کنند. اگر قصد تهیه شارژرهمراه یا همان پاوربانک دارید، یکی از
    گزینه‌هایتان شارژر همراه ژیپین مدل PX301 است.

    این شرکت با محصولات مرغوبی که تولید می کند همیشه در رده های بالای بازار قرار
    دارد. این پاور بانک با ظرفیت میلی آمپریی که دارد می تواند موبایلی با ظرفیت 3000 میلی آمپری را شش
    بار شارژ کند. این شارژر دارای قابلیت فست شارژ می باشد که می تواند 85 درصد گوشی شما را در طی 30 دقیقه شارژ کند.
    شارژر همراه انرجایزر مدل UE30000PQ ظرفیت
    میلی آمپر ساعت اولین و بهترین مارک پاور بانک که قصد معرفی آن را داریم، شارژر
    همراه انرجایزر مدل UE30000PQ می باشد.

    اما قیمت‌های آن‌ها به سختی می‌توانند با مدل یونیوو UN20 Pro مقابله کنند.
    این پاوربانک 470 گرمی می‌تواند
    2 دستگاه را به صورت همزمان شارژ کند و ولتاژ خروجی آن نیز
    5 ولت به همراه شدت جریان خروجی 1 و 2.1 آمپر است.
    پاوربانک‌ها از آن دست محصولاتی بوده که تنوع بسیار زیادی داخل بازار دارند
    و البته تولیدکنندگان زیادی نیز به تولید آنها مشغول هستند.
    با این حساب، طبیعی است که برای خرید یک پاوربانک خوب و
    متناسب با نیاز، کمی دچار سردرگمی شویم
    اما نگران نباشید زیرا این راهنمای خرید بهترین مارک
    پاوربانک در ایران می‌تواند به شما کمک کند.
    اگر به‌دنبال پاوربانکی هستید که به جز موارد بالا، شارژ
    بی‌سیم را نیز پشتیبانی کند، می‌توانید با دوبرابر قیمت بیشتر به سراغ
    شارژر همراه مک دودو مدل MC-864 با ظرفیت
    20 هزار میلی‌آمپرساعت بروید.
    این دستگاه شارژ بی‌سیم را با توان
    بالغ‌بر ۱۵ وات ارائه می‌دهد؛ درحالی‌که
    توان خروجی آن با پورت‌های USB-C و USB-A به‌ترتیب
    به ۱۸ و ۲۲٫۵ وات می‌رسد.
    بنابراین نتیجه می گیریم که
    در مرحله اول باید به ظرفیت باطری تلفن همراه خود توجه کنیم.
    به عنوان مثال اگر ظرفیت باطری پاور بانک شما باشد و ظرفیت باطری موبایل
    شما 4000 باشد، شما فقط می توانید گوشی خود را سه
    مرتبه شارژ کنید. بنابراین می توان گفت که بهترین مارک پاور بانک و بهترین برند پاور بانک برندی
    است که ظرفیت باطری خوبی داشته
    باشد. بعد از بررسی بیش از صد پاوربانک
    متنوع، انتخاب ما در محدوده‌ی
    قیمتی ۵۰۰ هزار تومان، شارژر همراه انکر مدل A1215 است که از
    ظرفیت اسمی میلی‌آمپرساعت بهره می‌برد.

    دارای فناوری Multi Protect -دارای فناوری Power IQیکی
    دیگر از بهترین پاوربانک‌های بازار در بازه قیمتی ۱.۵ میلیون تومان، مربوط به
    برند انکر است. شارژر همراه انکر مدل A1268 PowerCore Essential دارای ۲۰
    هزار میلی‌آمپر ساعت ظرفیت اسمی است و با طراحی
    خوب و جمع و جوری که دارد، یک گزینه ایده‌آل برای علاقه‌مندان می‌تواند
    باشد. در طراحی این پاوربانک از
    یک روکش پارچه‌ای زیبا و مستحکم استفاده شده که جلوه خوبی به این محصول داده است.
    شارژر همراه مدل « PX102 » از سری تولیدات شرکت «ژیپین » است که از نوع لیتیوم-پلیمری و
    با ظرفیت میلی‌آمپر طراحی و تولید شده است.
    این پاور بانک از 2 درگاه خروجی USB بهره می‌برد که
    شدت جریان خروجی آن 2.1 آمپر است؛ این میزان شدت جریان
    باعث می‌شود که باتری گوشی موبایل شما
    با سرعت بیشتری شارژ شود.

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  29. چگونه هر گوشی یا تبلتی را با استفاده از شارژر به
    تلویزیون خود وصل کنیم؟
    البته فعلا تلویزیون‌های زیادی از درگاه ورودی USB-C پشتیبانی نمی‌کنند؛ به
    همین خاطر، کابل اتصال گوشی سامسونگ
    به تلویزیون یا دیگر گوشی‌های مجهز به درگاه USB-C، یک مبدل USB-C به HDMI است.
    فقط کافی است یک سر مبدل را به گوشی
    و سر دیگر آن به تلویزیون وصل کرده و ارتباط
    را برقرار کنید. یکی از قابلیت های
    پیشرفته ی دستگاه های تلفن همراه و تلویزیون، انتقال محتوای تصویری، فیلم و موسیقی
    از تلفن به تلویزیون است.
    این شما هستید که با توجه به بودجه، امکانات، مدل گوشی و تلویزیون و نوع استفاده خود باید در بین این روش‌ها بهترین را انتخاب
    کنید. اتصال گوشی آیفون به تلویزیون با روش‌های
    مختلفی امکان پذیر است. در برخی از این روش‌ها نیاز به
    استفاده از کابل و در بیشتر آن‌ها به صورت وایرلس می‌توان این اتصال را برقرار
    کرد. گوشی‌هایی که در چند سال اخیر به بازار عرضه
    شده‌اند، همگی دارای پورت تایپ C هستند.
    اگر گوشی شما هم به این درگاه مجهز است، می‌توانید با کمک یک مبدل usb type c به hdmi
    گوشی خود را به راحتی به تلویزیون متصل کنید و هر آن چه را که روی گوشی شما
    در حال نمایش است، در صفحه بزرگ‌تر تلویزیون با جزییات بیشتر
    ببینید. با این حال، دستگاه‌های سامسونگ گلکسی اس ۸، اس ۹ و نوت ۸/۹
    نیز دارای DeX هستند.
    قبل از انجام این مرحله مطمئن شوید که لوکیشن گوشی روشن است، چون قرارست نزدیک‌ترین دستگاه را پیدا کنید.
    دانگل را توسط کابل یو اس
    بی به تلویزیون یا منبع انرژی دیگری
    وصل کنید. با سهولت و رواج ارسال انعکاس صفحه تلفن به صورت بی سیم، ممکن
    است کنجکاو باشید که چرا باید از اتصال USB به تلویزیون
    برای تلفن خود استفاده کنید. پس از طی کردن
    مراحل فوق پیغامی روی گوشی ظاهر می شود که درخواست اجازه اتصال تلویزیون
    به گوشی را نشان می دهد.
    به‌علاوه، برای موقعیت‌هایی که فاقد Wi-Fi هستید
    یا سیگنال بی‌سیم ضعیفی دارید، به جای
    آن به اتصال سیمی نیاز دارید.
    برای کسب اطلاعات در خصوص دوره های آموزش تعمیرات موبایل
    با شماره های در شده در سایت در
    تماس باشید. از قسمت Notification گوشی خود Use USB forکه نمایان شد، گزینه File Transfer را انتخاب نمایید.
    ۱-بلوتوث گوشی را روشن کنید و آن را در حالت
    جفت شدن قرار دهید. از متخصصین “آچاره” رایگان قیمت بگیرید و بهترین را انتخاب کنید.
    زمینه فعالیت ما آموزش کسب‌وکار به مدیران و کارآفرینان و کمک به مدرس‌ها برای رسیدن به جایگاه واقعی
    خودشان است.
    برای استفاده از DLNA در تلویزیون خود، باید هر دو،
    تلویزیون و تلفن هوشمند
    یا تبلت خود را به یک شبکه متصل کنید.
    می توانید این کار را در هر دو دستگاه با رفتن به تنظیمات شبکه
    آنها و جستجوی شبکه بی سیم خود
    انجام دهید. شبکه بی سیم خانگی خود
    را از این لیست انتخاب کنید و رمز عبور شبکه WiFi خود را وارد
    کنید. در مورد تلویزیون های هوشمند نیز می توانید از
    کابل LAN برای اتصال آنها به روتر استفاده کنید.

    چگونه محافظ هندزفری را دور هندزفری بپیچیم؟
    چگونه محافظ کابل شارژر را بپیچیم؟ رایج‌ترین دلیل در مورد شارژ کند گوشی، کیت یا ابزار شارژ است.

    کروم کست دانگل شرکت گوگل است و
    شکلی شبیه فلش دارد و به هر وسیله ای متصل می شود.

    درنتیجه با اتصال به اینترنت می توانید تمام فیلم ها،
    برنامه ها و هر اطلاعاتی را به وسیله وای
    فای به تلویزیون منتقل کنید.
    این روش مناسب برای تلویزیون های
    وایرلس هست اما خوشبختانه برای اتصال با کروم کست نیاز به تلویزیون هوشمند
    ندارید.
    زیرا تلویزیون ها دارای چندین پورت HDMI هستند و به راحتی می توانید از طریق آداپتور HDMI به
    USB متصل کنید سپس گوشی را به USB آداپتور وصل کنید.
    نکته ای که باید به آن توجه کنید این است که USB گوشی را شارژ نمی کند، بنابراین قبل از
    اتصال، حتما آن را شارژ کنید.
    اگر دنبال راهی برای یادگیری نحوه اتصال
    لپ تاپ به تلویزیون هستید، کابل HDMI در این مورد نیز کاربرد دارد.
    پس از اتصال گوشی هوشمند به تلویزیون شیائومی،
    پیغامی را در گوشی هوشمند مشاهده خواهید کرد که با تایید
    این پیغام اجازه اتصال به تلویزیون صادر خواهد شد و از طریق
    تلویزیون می‌توانید به محتوای گوشی هوشمند خود دسترسی پیدا کنید.

    همچنین تمامی این گجت‌ها
    توسط اتصال HDMI به تلویزیون شما متصل
    می‌شوند. از آنجایی‌که شما می‌توانید به راحتی بودن استفاده از ابزارهای جانبی، گوشی
    خود را با کابل HDMI به تلویزیون متصل
    نمایید، نیازی به خریداری گجت نیست.

    البته توجه داشته باشید که چون اتصال گوشی به تلویزیون با smart view به صورت وایرلس است، باید هر دو
    دستگاه به یک شبکه اینترنتی وصل شوند.
    بعد از انتخاب تلویزیون در پایین صفحه بر روی “Phone to Device” ضربه بزنید و در تلویزیون هوشمند خود اجازه وصل شدن گوشی به نمایشگر تلویزیون را صادر کنید.

    برای این کار ابتدا به پنل تنظیمات سریع وارد شوید و گزینه Cast را پیدا کنید.

    در غیر این صورت Edit را انتخاب کرده تا کلید Screen forged را مشاهده کنید.

    در این حالت نام تلویزیون هوشمند را در
    لیست پیدا کنید و بعد روی نام آن ضربه بزنید
    تا اطلاعات از گوشی منتقل شود.
    در صورتی که می خواهید روند ارسال اطلاعات را متوقف کنید، بر روی گزینه Cast
    مجددا ضربه بزنید. برای استفاده
    از این روش حتما مطمئن شوید که گوشی اندرویدی را به رورزسانی کرده اید یا نه.

    در این مرحله کار شما تمام
    شده و فقط کافیست تلویزیون را روی ورودی
    HDMI موردنظر تنظیم کنید. اگر از سیم و کابل خسته شده اید،
    ساده ترین نحوه اتصال گوشی به تلویزیون، یعنی اتصال از طریق بلوتوث را امتحان کنید.
    به این طریق می توانید تمام برنامه ها، بازی یا فیلم های گوشی را بر روی تلویزیون بزرگ تماشا کنید.

    این قابلیت بی دردسرترین روش اتصال
    است و خیلی سریع وصل می شود. خوشبختانه تلویزیون های بلوتوثی پخش
    صوتی را نیز پشتیبانی می کنند، و
    اگر دوست دارید لیست آهنگ های
    مورد علاقه تان را از برنامه Spotify پخش کنید، حتما به تلویزیون متصل شوید، قطعا لذت پخش صدا در
    تلویزیون هیجان بیشتری دارد.

    بنابراین بهتر است تلویزیونی را انتخاب کنید که قابلیت بلوتوثی داشته باشد.

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  31. Whereas colour saturation was relatively good, images weren’t as detailed as we’re used to, and many of them suffered from a softer focus. Whereas a lot of the same could be said about the Adreno 330 and its graphics performance, this is the realm through which the typical person will seemingly expertise the greatest good points. In much the same means that Samsung has maintained a constant design for its Galaxy S4-period gadgets (the Mega and S4 Mini are prime examples), Sony is utilizing the identical design language it launched with the original Xperia Z. The truth is, at a glance you would assume the 2 have been shut kin, aside from the fact that the Ultra clearly received a different gene for dimension. Needless to say, we were wholly impressed by the Z Ultra’s screen; if Sony plans to make use of the identical tech for smaller smartphones going ahead, we think about it’s going to give other 1080p-bearing handsets a run for his or her cash.

  32. Togel Singapore adalah pasaran togel LIVETOTO88 terbesar di Indonesia, yang sudah ada sejak tahun 1951 yang berasal dari kedah di negara Singapore. PG SOFT™ menggabungkan kedalaman dan keluasan keahlian para pendiri dengan tim seniman dan pencipta pemenang penghargaan untuk memukau para pemain dengan gameplay yang belum pernah ada sebelumnya dan grafik yang memukau. PG SOFT™ adalah perusahaan pengembang recreation seluler yang berbasis di Valletta, Malta. Didirikan pada tahun 2015, perusahaan telah berkembang menjadi tim yang kuat dengan 200 karyawan dengan kantor yang berbasis di Eropa, Amerika Utara, dan Asia. Pasaran togel yang LIVETOTO88 sediakan merupakan pasaran togel resmi yang mengikuti hasil consequence resmi dari organisasi terbaik di dunia seperti WLA ( World Lottery Affiliation ) dan APLA ( Asia Pacific on the World Lottery Assaciation ). Daftar Togel On-line diatas merupakan pasaran togel terbesar LIVETOTO88 saat ini, LIVETOTO88 juga menyediakan pasaran togel terbesar lainnya seperti pasaran TOTO MACAU, TAIWAN, BULLSEYE, TAIWAN dan pasaran togel lainnya.

  33. зауральским предпринимателям реализовывать собственные товары пособляет начальство кургана

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  35. Can my regular doctor give me a personal prescription for Viagra?
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  36. Git flow was one in every of the primary proposals to use Git branches,
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  37. Nuelle, a Silicon Valley startup targeted on “sexual wellness and intimate care merchandise,” used
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  38. Hopefully those that designed the mods can update and make
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    9’s story mission left off (so if you have not gotten there, I won’t spoil that
    half), which implies that players can now get by
    means of a breach within the wall into the southern space of Tokyo and embark on the quest that
    introduces them to a bevy of “interesting new characters.” You will
    get to satisfy the proprietor of the Love Lodge — that is
    her on the screenshot you have already seen — a properly as wander by the establishment’s
    themed not-very-child-pleasant rooms. Bylos noted that the physical area of this new section is just not quite as big
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  39. In total, there are more than 28,000 international-owned
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    Following the election of French President Emmanuel Macron in May 2017,
    the French authorities implemented vital labor market and tax reforms.
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    Emergency measures rolled out from March 2020 safeguarded family incomes and drove the uptick in consumption in latest months.
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  40. Viagra is believed to be probably the most well-known and efficient drug used to deal with erectile dysfunction. Fildena is usually recommended by the doctors
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  41. Regardless, language students put years and years into perfecting their talking expertise so they can discuss like a local speaker, or at least acquire an advanced stage of English. With the following tips, plus endurance and apply, you’ll be a language chameleon very quickly. Study the spoken speech, and you’ll communicate like a local speaker once you least anticipate it. You may also pay attention for stress and rhythm in native English talking. These will expose you to real English pronunciation and speaking types. Interactive transcripts, video-enhanced flashcards, personalized quizzes with speaking questions and other studying options make it possible to use FluentU to support your studying as you practice natural speech. However, you can begin at the moment by perfecting your pronunciation and working towards to obtain a natural circulate of speech. However how do you go about truly learning native pronunciation? There are tutorial movies (e.g. BBC Pronunciation or Rachel’s English) and software program (equivalent to Tell Me Extra) that present the English lip and tongue positions for each letter of the alphabet and all the mixtures.

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