Links are found in nearly all web pages. Links allow users to click their way from page to page.
HTML Links – Hyperlinks
HTML links are hyperlinks.
You can click on a link and jump to another document.
When you move the mouse over a link, the mouse arrow will turn into a little hand.
Note: A link does not have to be text. A link can be an image or any other HTML element!
HTML Links – Syntax
<a> tag defines a hyperlink. It has the following syntax:
<a href="url">link text</a>
The most important attribute of the
<a> element is the
href attribute, which indicates the link’s destination.
The link text is the part that will be visible to the reader.
Clicking on the link text, will send the reader to the specified URL address.
This example shows how to create a link to apostube.com:
<a href="https://www.apostube.com/">Visit apostube.com!</a>
By default, links will appear as follows in all browsers:
- An unvisited link is underlined and blue
- A visited link is underlined and purple
- An active link is underlined and red
Tip: Links can of course be styled with CSS, to get another look!
HTML Links – The target Attribute
By default, the linked page will be displayed in the current browser window. To change this, you must specify another target for the link.
target attribute specifies where to open the linked document.
target attribute can have one of the following values:
_self– Default. Opens the document in the same window/tab as it was clicked
_blank– Opens the document in a new window or tab
_parent– Opens the document in the parent frame
_top– Opens the document in the full body of the window
Use target=”_blank” to open the linked document in a new browser window or tab:
<a href="https://www.apostube.com/" target="_blank">Visit Apostube!</a>
Absolute URLs vs. Relative URLs
Both examples above are using an absolute URL (a full web address) in the
A local link (a link to a page within the same website) is specified with a relative URL (without the “https://www” part):
<h2>Absolute URLs</h2> <p><a href="https://www.apostube.com/">AposTube</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.google.com/">Google</a></p> <h2>Relative URLs</h2> <p><a href="html_images.asp">HTML Images</a></p> <p><a href="/css/default.asp">CSS Tutorial</a></p>
HTML Links – Use an Image as a Link
To use an image as a link, just put the
<img> tag inside the
<a href="default.asp"> <img src="smiley.gif" alt="HTML tutorial" style="width:42px;height:42px;"> </a>
Link to an Email Address
mailto: inside the
href attribute to create a link that opens the user’s email program (to let them send a new email):
<a href="mail to:firstname.lastname@example.org">Send email</a>
Button as a Link
<button onclick="document.location='default.asp'">HTML Tutorial</button>
title attribute specifies extra information about an element. The information is most often shown as a tooltip text when the mouse moves over the element.
<a href="https://www.apostube.com/html/" title="Go to Apostube HTML section">Visit our HTML Tutorial</a>
More on Absolute URLs and Relative URLs
Use a full URL to link to a web page:
<a href="https://www.apostube.com/category/html">Learn HTML</a>
Link to a page located in the html folder on the current web site:
<a href="/html/default.asp">HTML tutorial</a>
Link to a page located in the same folder as the current page:
<a href="default.asp">HTML tutorial</a>
- Use the
<a>element to define a link
- Use the
hrefattribute to define the link address
- Use the
targetattribute to define where to open the linked document
- Use the
<a>) to use an image as a link
- Use the
mailto:scheme inside the
hrefattribute to create a link that opens the user’s email program
HTML Link Tags
|<a>||Defines a hyperlink|